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《现代养猪生产技术》读者互动专区

《现代养猪生产技术》读者互动专区

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新技术:如何给弱仔饲喂初乳

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kk 发表于 2016-8-24 14:30:38 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
这项技术的目的是为出生时体重较小的仔猪提供初乳,目前使用于西班牙的Siscart农场。这项技术使用了一根可探入子宫内的人工智能导管。

每个农场都存在一定数量的出重体重较小的弱仔。且随着现代母猪窝产仔数的增加,这个弱仔比例也随之提高。
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分娩栏的成功大部分取决于能否成功地将总出生仔数的增加转化为断奶仔数的增加。如果人类不给予帮助,弱仔的成活率是相当低的。为了避免弱仔的死亡,故在出生后即时提供初乳是非常关键的。

尽管将同窝内所有弱仔集中起来饲养,你仍然会发现这些弱仔在吸吮母猪乳汁方面存在很多困难。因为,它们很虚弱,对冷敏感,从母猪乳头吸吮初乳对它们来讲很困难。

将农场内母猪的初乳合理饲喂可帮助这些弱仔,提高存活率。
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为了快速、很好的为弱仔提供初乳,我们可利用一根子宫内的人工智能导管来作为仔猪的食管探子。市场上有很多种类这样的产品,头部基本上都是圆的。顶端越圆对仔猪食管的伤害越小,否则可能引起仔猪的死亡。最好的一种便是顶端为红色圆头的那种。
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附原文:
Providing colostrum with an AI catheter

The goal of this trick is to provide colostrum to the piglets with a low weight. It is used on the Siscart farm, in Spain. To do it they use the probe of an intrauterine AI catheter.

In every farm there is always a certain percentage of piglets that are born with a very low weight. This percentage normally increases as more piglets per sow are born.

A great part of the success in the farrowing quarters is based on being able to translate this increase in the number of total born piglets as an increase in the number of weaned piglets. The survival of these piglets with a low weight is very low if we don't help them. To this end, the colostrum intake during their first hours of life is crucial.

Although we gather all the small piglets in a litter, they will have difficulties when it comes to consuming colostrum. They are weaker and sensitive to cold, and it's difficult for them to suck the milk from the dam's nipples.

The administering of colostrum obtained from the sows on the farm will help these piglets to have a higher survival rate.

For a good and quick administering of this colostrum we can use the internal probe of an inauterine AI catheter as an esophageal probe. There are different kinds available, with their tip more or less rounded. The more rounded the tip the less the risk to injure the piglet's oesophagus, which usually causes its death. The best probes are the ones with the red tip.

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